history of madras in tamil
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history of madras in tamil  등록일  2021-01-25

Upon this settlement, the English expanded their colony to include a number of other European communities, new British settlements, and various native villages, one of which was named Mudhirasa pattanam. They then strengthened and expanded Fort St George over the next thirty years to bear subsequent attacks, the strongest of which came from the French (1759, under Thomas Arthur, Comte de Lally), and later Hyder Ali, the Sultan of Mysore in 1767 during the First Anglo-Mysore War. The modern city of "Chennai" arose from the British settlement of Fort St. George and its subsequent expansion through merging numerous native villages and European settlements around Fort St. George into the city of Madras. Population of Telugu's and Tamils were more or less the same in those days, however dynamics of Madras city was changed post independence rapidly. The history of Tamil Nadu goes back to the early stone age. Similar to the versions of the origin of the name. This was the period when the Madras Presidency was established with Madras as the capital. When this was accomplished with the Independence of India in 1947, they were quickly brushed aside by the Indian population. Each time, the survivors fell back upon the safety of the Fort St George. former Indian state (modern Chennai, a Tamil name), the name sometimes is said to be from Sanskrit Mandra, a name of a god of the underworld, but it is perhaps rather from Arabic madrasa "school" (see madrasah) or Portuguese Madre (de Deus).The British fort there dates from 1639. By 1612, the Dutch established themselves in Pulicat to the north. (Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India) Formerly known as Madras, the modern city of Chennai has a long history as a settled area, beginning more than 1,000 years ago. The first official use of the name Chennai is said to be in a sale deed, dated 8 August 1639, to Francis Day of the East India Company. Madraspatnam seemed favorable during the inspection, and the calicoes woven there were much cheaper than those at Armagon (Durgarazpatam). The grant signed between Damarla Venkatadri and the English had to be authenticated or confirmed by the Raja of Chandragiri - Venkatapathy Rayulu. On this piece of wasteland was founded Fort St. George, a fortified settlement of British merchants, factory workers, and other colonial settlers. vayiratharayan of Virukanbakkam alias Chenninallur. In 1674, the expanded colony had nearly 50,000 mostly British and European colonists and was granted its own corporate charter, thereby officially establishing the modern day city. The civilisation of the Tamil people is among the oldest in the world and has been influenced by, influenced, and coexisted with many external cultures. As a result, the Hindus and Muslims cooperated closely during the movement in Tamil Nadu. Along with Tamil Nadu, the other northern modern-day states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka were conquered by the British in the late 18th century. Consequently, once the area separating Chennapatnam and Old Madras was built over uniting the two settlements, as founders, settlers, and authorities of area, the English named the new united city Madras. The capital of the province was Kancheepuram. The Decree of the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda Fide, promulgated the Papal Bull, ‘Ex Primaevae Ecclesiae’ on 13th November 1952 during the reign of Pope Pius XII. In 1930, the Tamil Department was further expanded. Following several outbreaks of violence by various Hindu and Muslim Indian communities against the Christian Europeans, White Town's defenses and its territorial charter was expanded to incorporate most of the area which had grown up around its walls thereby incorporating most of its Catholic European settlements. English; বাংলা ; ગુજરાતી; हिन्दी; ಕನ್ನಡ; മലയാളം; తెలుగు; ଓଡ଼ିଆ; தமிழ்; செய்திகள் . But this time it was by the French under General La Bourdonnais, who used to be the Governor of Mauritius. A Congress volunteer corps of about 1000 members was set up to … history of madurai in tamil General News January 20th, 2021 January 20th, 2021 The region then passed into the hands of the Dutch, who established themselves near Pulicat just north of the city in 1612. However, by the early 20th century they had become a small minority in their own city. Similar to the versions of the origin of the name Madras, there are various such versions related to the origin of the name Chennai as well. iStock University Of Madras In Chennai Tamil Nadu India Stock Photo - Download Image Now Download this University Of Madras In Chennai Tamil Nadu India photo now. This new grant is important regarding the legal and civic development of the English settlement. This together with the written records makes it clear that the Fort which became the centre of present Chennai, was built upon or nearby the village of Madraspatnam. Lastly, while the Fort St. George, White Town, and Black Town areas were fully incorporated together by the late 18th century, and was known as Madras, Chennapatnam was its own separate entity existing under the authority of Fort St. George well into the 19th century. Both groups strived to grow their colonial populations and although their populations reached 10,000 people when the British arrived, they remained substantially outnumbered by the local Indian population. Furthermore, it expanded the Company property by attaching an additional piece of land known as the Narimedu (or 'Jackal-ground') which lay to the west of the village of Madraspatnam. The 2004 tsunami lashed the shores of Chennai killing many. The British fought with various European powers, notably the French at Vandavasi (Wandiwash) in 1760, where de Lally was defeated by Sir Eyre Coote, and the Danish at Tharangambadi (Tranquebar). The Pallavas who had so far been merely viceroys, then became independent rulers of Kanchipuram and its surrounding areas. In fact, as the greater concentration of capital wrecked what remained of old East Indian middle class, the city principally became a large housing development for huge numbers of workers. Chennai (Madras) History Occupied by the British for 300 years, Chennai emerged as an energetic metropolis that’s fiercely proud of its Tamil heritage. The calico cloth from the local area, which was in high demand, was of poor quality and not suitable for export to Europe. Madras war ein Zentrum der ab dem frühen 20. Today, they are the … Chennai is stated to be an important contributor towards the administrative, military, and economic centre since the 1st century. After India's Independence, the state of Madras came into existence and 1968, the name was changed to Tamil Nadu. Each time the town and later city was rebuilt and repopulated with new English and European settlers. Chennai, originally known as "Madras", was located in the province of Tondaimandalam, an area lying between Penna River of Nellore and the Ponnaiyar river of Cuddalore. Tondaimandalam was ruled in the 2nd century CE by Tondaiman Ilam Tiraiyan, who was a representative of the Chola family at Kanchipuram. (ii) Tamil nationalist periodical Swadesamitran was started in 1891. The Early History of Madras (Chennai) Fort St. George, in Madras (Chennai) on the Coromandel Coast, India (1753) About 1620 the East India Company established another factory at Masulipatam on the eastern side of India. Madras is now known as Chennai, (Tamil: சென்னை) which is the capital of Tamilnadu a state in South India, today. Beri Thimmappa, Francis Day's dubash (interpreter), was a close friend of Damarla Ayyappa Nayakudu. (i) Madras Native Association was founded in 1852. Damarla Venkatadri Nayakudu, the local governor of the Vijayanagar Empire and Nayaka of Wandiwash (Vandavasi), ruled the coastal part of the region, from Pulicat to the Portuguese settlement of San Thome. The DMK renamed Madras to Chennai as DMK founder Anna renamed Madras State as Tamil Nadu. The Pallavas held sway over this region from the beginning of the 3rd century to the closing years of the 9th century, except for the interval of some decades when the region was under the Kalabhras. Under Hindu caste code, as well as English Common Law, it is unlikely that Fort St. George was built upon the village of Madraspatnam and its inhabitants incorporated into the new town. To further consolidate their position, the Company combined the various settlements around an expanded Fort St. George, which including its citadel also included a larger outside area surrounded by an additional wall. Since its establishment as a city in 1639, English was the official language of the city. The name Madras was Derived from Madrasan a fisherman head who lived in coastal area of Madras. He was the local governor for the last Raja of Chandragiri, Sri Ranga Raya VI of Vijayanagar Empire. The region was under the control of the Damerla Venkatadri Nayakar, a Padma Velama Nayak chieftain of Srikalahasti and Vandavasi. Tamil Nadu Information - History Of Tamil Nadu. In February 1640, Day and Cogan, accompanied by a few factors and writers, a garrison of about twenty-five European soldiers and a few other European artificers, besides a Hindu powder-maker named Naga Battan, proceeded to the land which had been granted and started a new English factory there. Further militating against the name "Chennai", Chennapatnam was the name in later years of an area explicitly detailed as having been incorporated of native villages, European plantations, and European merchant houses outside of the combined city of Madras consisting of Fort St. George, and White and Black Town. John Binny came to Madras in 1797 and he established the textile company Binny & Co in 1814. Although most of the original Portuguese, Dutch, and British population had been killed during genocides during the Golkonda period, under Moghul protection, large numbers of British and Anglo-American settlers arrived to replenish these losses. Francis Day, one of the officers of the company, who was then a Member of the Masulipatam Council and the Chief of the Armagon Factory, made a voyage of exploration in 1637 down the coast as far as Pondicherry with a view to choosing a site for a new settlement. In 2004, An 'Indian Ocean Tsunami' altered the coastline of Chennai permanently, killing many and leaving thousands of hundreds homeless. They appointed chieftains to look after the Kanchipuram region. Although the original inhabitants of Madras and responsible for its growth into the modern metropolis of today, the British and European nationals are virtually non-existent. But there is some consensus that it is an abbreviation of Madraspatnam, the site chosen by the British East India Company for a permanent settlement in 1639.[15]. When the Portuguese arrived in 1522, they built a port and named it São Tomé, after the Christian apostle St. Thomas, who is believed to have preached there between the years 52 and 70. Dieser wurde 1956 durch den States Reorganisation Act nach den Sprachgrenzen des Tamil neu formiert und 1969 in Tamil Nadu umbenannt. Spencer's started as a small business in 1864 and went on to become the biggest department stores in Asia at the time. The British regained control in 1749 through the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. Modern Chennai had its origins as a colonial city and its initial growth was closely tied to its importance as an artificial harbour and trading center. This new grant laid the foundation for the expansion of Madras into its present form. In 1912 endowments were made to the University to establish departments of Indian History, Archaeology, Comparative Philology and Indian Economics. Vaiyapuri Pillai, Sri.R.P. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India's fifth largest city. As stipulated by the Treaty signed with the Nayak, the British and other Christian Europeans were not allowed to decorate the outside of their buildings in any other color but white. The present-day city of Chennai started in 1644 as an English settlement known as Fort St. George. It was considered as a part of the empire of the King of Chandragiri, the period when the British arrived in 1639 A.D. Further; it was named as Chennapattanam by the British when they acquired it from Chennappa Nayaka, the leader of Vijayanagar. HISTORY . Overview. Showing page 1. On July 18, 1967, Chief Minister Anna prepared a resolution to change the name of Madras State to Tamil Nadu in English and Tamil languages. After India became independent in 1947, the city became the administrative and legislative capital of Madras State which was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1968. CC BY-SA 2.0. Thiruvanmiyur, Thiruvotriyur, and Thirumayilai are mentioned in the Thevarams of the Moovar (of the Nayanmars) while Thiruvallikeni in the Nalayira Divya Prabhandhams (of the Alwars). A popular explanation is that the name comes from the name of Damarla Chennappa Nayakudu, Nayaka of Chandragiri and Vandavasi, father of Damarla Venkatadri Nayakudu, from whom the English acquired the town in 1639. Known as the “Gateway to South India,” Chennai is a major administrative and cultural centre. the period when the British gained possession of the area. Under this Charter, the British and Protestant inhabitants were granted the rights of self-government and independence from company law. Elihu Yale, after whom Yale University is named, was British governor of Madras for five years. In 1788, Thomas Parry arrived in Madras as a free merchant and he set up one of the oldest mercantile companies in the city and one of the oldest in the country (EID Parry). Madras translation in English-Tamil dictionary. The capital of the province was Kancheepuram. Collectively, the original Fort St. George settlement, "White Town", and "Black Town" were called Madras. History Of Tamil Nadu. Earlier, Panagal Raja, Chief Minister of Madras Presidency in the early 1920s had suggested that the Cooum River be the boundary between the Tamil and Telugu administrative areas. Under the Kings, local chiefs or governors known as Nayaks ruled over each district. The Pandyas under Jatavarman Sundara Pandyan rose to power and the region was brought under the Pandya rule by putting an end to Chola supremacy in 1264. He was also an influential Nayak ruler under the Vijayanagara King Peda Venkata Raya then based in Chandragiri-Vellore Fort, was in-charge of the area of present Chennai city when the English East India Company arrived to establish a factory in the area.[2][3]. history of madurai in tamil . Found 12 sentences matching phrase "Madras".Found in 2 ms. Tanjore Big Temple Mysteries - Secret of Cholas - … Speaking on the debate, Opposition Leader P.G. This was also surrounded by a wall. History of Chennai (Madras), experience the modern and ancient historic past events, people and governments of Chennai (Madras) - Lonely Planet Lonely Planet Travel Guides and Travel Information Hi there, we use cookies to improve your experience on our website. Therefore, because of the fort's proximity or origin to the village of Mandraspatnam, and the fort's centrality to the development of the city, the British settlers of the city later named their settlement Madras in honour of it. Today, Chennai also has a growing expatriate population especially from the United States, Europe and East Asia who work in the industries and IT centres. [12] In 1953, the political and administrative dominance of Tamils, both at the Union and State levels ensured that Madras was not transferred to the new state of Andhra. However, there are city records of their existence long afterward, and it has been suggested that the present government may still hold them. Currently, the nomenclature of the area is in a state of controversy. This new area saw a proliferation of English merchant and planter families who, allied with their wealthy Indian counterparts, jointly controlled Chennapatnam under the supervision of White Town. The first Grant of Damarla Venkatadri Nayakudu makes mention of the village of Madraspatnam as incorporated into East India lands but not of Chennapatnam. The crisis also imperiled Parry & Co and Binny & Co, but both found rescuers. Instead, being the gateway of trade and the centre of the economy of the region, the English settlement and their fort of 1639–40, which was the basis for the presently named city of Chennai, was likely called Madras as well by the rest of India. On 20 August 1639, Francis Day of the East India Company along with Damerla Venkatadri Nayakadu traveled to Chandragiri palace to meet the Vijayanagara King Peda Venkata Raya and to obtain a grant for a small strip of land in the Coromandel Coast from in Chandragiri as a place to build a factory and warehouse for their trading activities. Tamil Nadu was very active during the Non-cooperation Movement under the leadership of C Rajagopalachari and E V Ramaswamy. Breaking with the tradition of the closed and almost wholly British controlled system of the English East India Company, The Madras Chamber of Commerce was founded in 1836 by Fredrick Adam, Governor of the Madras Presidency (the second oldest Chamber of Commerce in the country). The 1783 version of Fort St George is what still stands today. As a result, over time, the area came to be known as 'White Town'. Although, Madraspatnam is named in later records following the establishment of Fort St. George, this is likely because of the discriminatory nature of the local caste system. In the latter part of the 17th century, Madras steadily progressed during the period of the East India Company and under many Governors. Instead, it is likely that Fort was built either close to the village or if it was built upon the village, the village was relocated. Over time, Indians also arrived in ever greater numbers and soon, the Portuguese and other non-Protestant Christian Europeans were outnumbered. Additionally, the pre-city area of Chennai has a long history within the records of South Indian Empires. Tamil Nadu has a very ancient history that dates back to some 6000 years and the origin of its people is closely tied to the debates of the Aryan invasion theory. The Fort still stands today, and a part of it is used to house the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly and the Office of the Chief Minister. Owing to the city's rich musical and cultural traditions, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) has included Chennai in its Creative Cities Network. Subsequent to Ilam Tiraiyan, the region was ruled by the Chola Prince Ilam Killi. In 1522, the Portuguese built a port called Sao Tome. The Grant was for a period of two years and empowered the Company to build a fort and castle on about five square kilometers of its strip of land.[7]. (iii) The Madras Mahajana Sabha demanded conduct of civil services examinations only in India. The Original Name of Madras Is Puliyur kottam which is 2000 year old Tamil ancient name. It is a major manufacturing centre. Francis Day wrote to his headquarters at Masulipatam for permission to inspect the proposed site at Madraspatnam and to examine the possibilities of trade there. Home Rule Movement in Tamil Nadu The Home rule Movement in Madras was organized by Mrs. Annie Besant between 1916 and 1918.The first indication of Annie Besant’s decision to launch a Home Rule Movement appeared in New India in September 1915. Tondaimandalam was ruled in the 2nd century CE by Tonda… May 21, 2019 - 525 Likes, 7 Comments - Brown History (@brownhistory) on Instagram: “Portrait of a seated girl wearing Jewellery, from Madras in Tamil Nadu - 1872” The Raja, Venkatapathy Rayulu, was succeeded by his nephew Sri Rangarayulu in 1642, and Sir Francis Day was succeeded by Thomas Ivy. [1] It is located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. It was from Damarla Venkatadri Nayakadu domain, on 22 August 1639, the piece of land lying between the river Cooum almost at the point it enters the sea and another river known as the Egmore river was granted to East India Company after deed from Vijaynagara emperor. Another small town, Chennapatnam, lay to the south of it. The original building which housed Spencer & Co. was burnt down in a fire in 1983 and the present structure houses one of the largest shopping malls in India, Spencer Plaza. Madras in South India was a port town ideally situated on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal. Srinivasanar was an extremist. Canadian Administrative Law Blog. Always a tiny minority in comparison with the vast Indian population of the hinterlands, despite slow growth in natural birthrate and continued settlement, the British and European populations were made an ever-decreasing share of their city's populations. CHIDAMBARAM ANNIE BESANT The Madras Native Association was ultimately merged with this organization. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Architecture photos available for quick and easy download. mixed Anglo Indian descendants of the original English settlers, a smaller but still extant British and European community, as well as migrant Malayalee communities in the city. [13], Various etymologies have been posited for the name, Chennai or Chennapattanam. Thus it is improbable that the area was ever called Chennai. In turn, the Madras Stock Exchange was established in 1920. The history of Tamil Nadu from the mid-17th century to 1946 is the story of the British-controlled Madras Presidency in relationship to the rise and fall of British power in India. Madras Tamil 232,814 views. Chennai boasts of a long history from the English East India Company, through the British rule to its evolution in the late 20th century as a services and manufacturing hub for India. Contact our Advertising team for Advertising or Sponsorship on TravelAgents.com Network. Today, modern Chennai, formerly known as Madras is a large cultural, commercial and industrial centre, and is known for its cultural heritage and temple architecture. Over time and administrative reforms, the area was finally fully incorporated into the new metropolitan charter of Madras. History about Chennai. According to the treaty, only Europeans, principally Protestant British settlers were allowed to live in this area as outside of this confine, non-Indians were not allowed to own property. Their small fortified settlement quickly attracted other East Indian traders and as the Dutch position collapsed under hostile Indian power they also slowly joined the settlement.

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