cutter vs solent rig
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cutter vs solent rig  등록일  2021-01-25

Is a heavy displacement sailboat best for cruising? With both stays attached close to the top of the mast, there's no need for running backstays, swept-back spreaders or aft intermediates as there is with the cutter. Guide to estimating when you can't measure. Harken have a dedicated range of furlers for dinghies and keelboats up to 30ft (3mm, 5mm and 6mm diameter forestays). This classic Sparkman & Stephens design performance cruiser, hull #309 is a clean example of one of the most desirable Tartan's. Oct 5, 2019 - Both the cutter rig and the solent rig provide the offshore skipper with a choice of foresails to fly, but there the similarity ends. You fly one sail or the other - not both at the same time as with the cutter rig. On a solent rigged sailboat, the headsails are set much closer together with both stays attached close to the masthead and the stemhead. Littleton Late Winter Series for Monohull dinghies with PY between 1002 and 1330, RORC Caribbean 600 for IRC yachts with TCC of 1.004 and above plus Class40 & Multihulls, Australian National Championship for RS Aero, Details on writing and sending reports to us can be found here, In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig. Almost 20 years of end user feedback and manufacturing experience have been brought together in this extensive upgrade. A Solent stay is not a cutter’s inner forestay, which is farther aft and typically requires additional support in the form of running backstays or extra swept-back shrouds. In this article we outline the key terminology. In practice, you need to be confident of your abilities, especially with the scissor-action units. Re: Solent vs Cutter rigs I had a 135% Genoa made in an attempt to gain some light wind performance, and some downwind. The solent rig is thus – in theory – an easier retrofit: it requires just a solent stay attachment below the existing forestay, and a new halyard sheave. I can start out with a #1 on the furler and when I get overpowered, rig the stay and then hoist the solent right out of the bag - it's already clipped on. With the forestay tension shared between two stays, the luff of the sail may fall away more than you'd want it to, also reducing windward performance. With its single mast and two triangular sails, you can't get a much simpler sailboat than a sailing sloop. Unlike the solent rig, both sails are intended to be flown at the same time. Typically, the forward sail could be a 140% genoa for use as an offwind/reaching sail and the aft one a 100% working jib for windward work. Cutters had a rig with a single mast located 50% of the length of the sailplan or further aft, multiple headsails and reefing bowsprit. If pressed to choose, we are a fan of the cutter rig together with the use of code zeros and asymmetric spinnakers, which we believe offers a complete, modern, bluewater cruising solution. Two popular options for off-shore cruising are the cutter rig and the solent rig, both sporting their own pros and cons. But of course there's rather more to it than that, each of the two rigs having significant benefits and disadvantages when compared to the other. On the other hand, it adds options and a potential for storm sails and balance you might otherwise miss. Cat, Sloop; Cutter; Ketch; Schooner... these are the basic configurations. Bluewater Cruising: Cutter Rig versus Solent Rig - Part 2 In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig as a popular bluewater cruising set up. It's true that the ketch sailboat with its split rig can make an attractive cruising sailboat for a short-handed crew, but there is a downside to these types of sailboats. The effectiveness of this sail platform at least partly explains why nearly all of the recent cruising designs are cutter rigged. You could explore different combinations of larger 150% genoas and smaller 100% jibs and, once setup, you have lots of options available to you, without the need for every going onto the foredeck. Using modern materials and construction methods, the innovative LOOP Flexi Stick-on padeye offers some interesting possibilities. In high winds, the yankee can be furled completely leaving the staysail set with a deeply reefed main. How shall we choose among them? This is one of the major advantages of the solent rig. You would probably agree that there are very few flat surfaces on a sailing yacht, whereas most hardware bases are flat. I think the current popularity of the cutter rig comes from the early 70’s when the Westsail was introduced. Many fin-keel cutters reefed down like this will heave-to satisfactorily, whereas they're much less likely to with a partially rolled jib on the forestay. Simple, reliable and extremely versatile, Cam Cleats are a staple on boats of all sizes, either as the primary rope holding solution on dinghies, or as part of a purchase system on larger boats and yachts. Without additional aft support, the forestay tension is shared between the two forestays, meaning the luff of both sails can fall away excessively upwind.In addition, there is no need for any additional backstays as the in-line stays are attached close to the masthead, which makes the solent rig a budget friendly option. An alternative to tacking, in which a vessel is gybed right the way around until the wind is on the other side of the bow. One variation increasingly popular with bluewater cruisers is a sloop/cutter hybrid, sometimes called a slutter rig, where a removeable inner forestay is installed on what would otherwise be a straight sloop rig. To define our terms, a solent rig is one with two headsails but, unlike a cutter, they are never used at the same time and the stays are much closer together. Comments Have your say about what you just read! 'About Time', a centreboard version of the Sabre 32, is the perfect combination of a racer-cruiser that can take you around to the Florida Keys, the Bahamas, 'WYRD' is a 1981 Tartan 37. Alternatively, aft intermediate stays could be incorporated in the standing rigging. This boat is actually designed to have one as an option and you can obtain a CAD drawing of the deck fitting that attaches to the bulkhead separating the chain locker and the V-berth. The removable stay normally has some sort of quick-release mechanism at deck level that makes it easy to set up and tension the stay and to loosen and remove it. You certainly can't do that effectively with a cutter. The Solent Rig is quite different from the Cutter Rig in as much as it's effectively a sloop with two different sized headsails on separate in-line stays - usually set on furlers. So what's the difference between these two rigs? All About Offshore Sailboats and Their Essential Sailing Qualities. The heart, and driving force, of any sailing yacht is its mast and standing rigging which support the sails. Here’s why some offshore sailboats so much better suited for long-distance offshore sailing than others, and it’s not all a matter of hull construction material and displacement. We own a Bene 473 and installed a Solent rig. The Downside to the Solent Rig As the wind angle closes, some of the solent rig's disadvantages become more apparent. So what's the difference between these two rigs? Re: Cutter vs Solent Rig For long ocean passages I converted my Catalina 30 masthead sloop rig to a cutter rig with an inner stay from the single spreaders, parallel to the forestay, to an eye on the deck, secured by a highfield lever. If you would like to talk to someone about your rig setup or a retrofit project, please feel free to contact upffront.com using our genoa reefing enquiry form! So, how does a solent rig compare to a cutter rig? With both headsails set, the boat can be tacked without the need to furl the jib. Is The Ketch Sailboat the Best Type of Sailboat for Offshore Cruising? The name of the Ronstan SHOCK Block is derived from SHeaveless blOCK and reflects the growing trend for replacing ball bearing blocks, with "low friction rings", in a whole range of sailing system applications. Now, it's the turn of the solent rig. Recent Articles . My old Golden Hind 31 Sophie was a sloop when I bought her, and I converted her to a cutter rig with a removable inner forestay, although she became a true cutter, as I also increased the height of the mast and added a bowsprit to enlarge the foretriangle. In theory, anyone with reasonable DIY skills can fit a cutter to their boat. OK, before a war starts, if you prefer a ketch, a sloop, or a some variant of a cutter, like a solent rig, that’s just fine and I’m sure that your preferred rig is great for you. The following is excerpted and adapted from chapter 9 of Lin and Larry Pardey's book Capable Cruiser. But look around any anchorage where offshore cruisers congregate and you'll notice that the solent rig is mounting a serious challenge to the cutter rig. Having got that out of the way, do read on because there is no question that a properly set up true cutter rig is insanely great for short-handed offshore cruising. Now I have a code zero , and am seriously considering having my 135 cut down to the standard 110, cause I don’t like the 135 for going upwind, my boat isn’t an upwind machine by any measure, but the 135 didn’t help matters The solent rig does provide great scope for flexible headsail choices. A cutter rig is a sailboat with a type of sail configuration in which two or more sails are set forward of the mast. The new Velocitek V2 ProStart is the distillation of more than a decade of experience and customer feedback building stand-alone, GPS-based, distance-to-line starting aids. I suspect that without that initial design, the gains from adding a staysail might not be as advantageous. It is also common to use a 3:1 purchase system under the drum of the solent stay and make it a semi-removable system, to facilitate easier tacking of the main genoa, in light, upwind conditions. The type of rig is often a pre-ordained choice once one has determined vessel size, the preferred layout, and the maximum size of sail one can handle. New! Here’s what you need to know to install a Solent stay for hanked on sails on a typical 42 to 44-foot boat. Copyright 2021 YY Online Services Ltd. registered in England no. These are what upffront.com would term "structural furlers", in that they are an integral part of the main forestay. cutters vs sloops The earlier posts are correct that a cutter rig places the mast further forward. This is one of the biggest attractions of a Solent rig: no extra standing rigging required. It gives you better performance to windward than a two-masted rig. Translation - a cutter sails more upright! Downwind, the staysail will blanket the jib and has to be dropped, leaving a relatively small jib to power the boat. For years the cutter rig has been extremely popular with offshore sailors, providing greater flexibility and easier sail handling than the sloop rig in varying wind and sea conditions. You fly one sail or the other - not both at the same time as with the cutter rig. A common design for modern cutters contains two head sails, with the inner sail referred to as the stay sail and the outer sail either a jib or genoa. The cutter rig is popular for long-distance yachts having one mast that carries two headsails, each on their own stay. Here's where people with sailing equipment for sale advertise their stuff entirely free of charge. Cutters had a rig with a single mast more centrally located, which could vary from 50% to 70% of the length of the sailplan, with multiple headsails and a running bowsprit. Hard on the wind, the jib stalls the staysail, leaving you with two options. Diagram showing the Cutter Rig versus the Solent Rig - photo © Calanach Finlayson, Upffront.com A second advantage of the cutter rig is that, if winds are high and you want to reduce power, the yankee can be furled away completely, leaving just the staysail which can be used with a deeply reefed main. The inner headsail (solent) is cut for going upwind and is usually about the same size as the foretriangle with little or no overlap. Cutter. You may have 2-3 sails in your existing wardrobe which could be recut by your sailmaker to give you more upwind / reaching flexibility across a range of wind conditions. Now, it's the turn of the solent rig. Either drop the staysail or bear off the wind a little. When stowed, the removeable stay is brought aft to the mast and … Usually the jib will be a high-cut yankee and the smaller staysail will have a lower clew catching the wind that would otherwise escape below the yankee. Sea anchors and drogues for storm conditions. In this blog we help you understand the key differences between these ranges and guide you to the right choice for you and your boat's needs. Also, many ketches and sloops can, with a little effort and expense, be … While this may seem somewhat heretical at first, there is no arguing the fact that no one wants a mast in the middle of their double berth...! Like the cutter rig, the solent rig also utilises two headsails; the two different sized genoas sit close together, the second just behind the main forestay, unlike those on the cutter which sit relatively far apart. Mast and standing rigging terminology from upffront.com. The skipper of this solent rigged Westerly Oceanlord 41 'Badgers Sett' has found the sweet spot with the #2 headsail set and the #1 furled away. The cutter has its two headsails set well apart with the inner stay attached a distance down from the masthead and aft of the stemhead. Many people choose a cutter as a cruising rig because it is the most “practical.” A cutter rig is the cheapest to erect, the easiest to securely stay, and when designed with a moderate aspect ratio, a self-tending boomed staysail, and a jib, a cutter is the handiest and probably most efficient in more different situations than the other rigs. These are known as the head sails. Is The Sailing Sloop the Simplest of All Cruising Sailboat Rigs? I won’t count them for you but trust me. 'About Time', a Sabre 32 Sailboat for Sale. Like the cutter rig, the solent rig also utilises two headsails; the two different sized genoas sit close together, the second just behind the main forestay, unlike those on the cutter which sit relatively far apart. The cutter has been around forever. Wear Ship, or Wearing Ship ~ An alternative to tacking, in which a vessel is gybed right the way around until the wind is on the other side of the bow. Phil Anniss from upffront.com talks about the differences. Unlike a cutter rig, in which the head stays are separated by a good distance, the close proximity of the two headsails in the solent arrangement makes flying both at the same time impossible; you must choose one or the other. Roll up the genoa and Bob's yer uncle. I know the cutter rig. You have a choice of headsails. A solent rig is different from a cutter rig, although a solent may serve the same purpose as the staysail on a cutter. That said, it is possible to use twin headsails (which help to steady the boat) to sail dead-downwind, with one sail poled out to starboard and the other to port. Bluewater Cruising - Cutter Rig vs. Solent Rig (Part 1) Here at Upffront, we are aware that many people are searching for the perfect bluewater cruising set up. You'd have a lot of lines in the cockpit, but could this be the best of both worlds? So, how does a solent rig compare to a cutter rig? Like the cutter rig, the solent rig also utilises two headsails; the two different sized genoas sit close together, the second just behind the main forestay, unlike those on the cutter which sit relatively far apart. Somewhere in the 1950’s or 1960’s there was a shift in these definitions such that a sloop only flew one headsail and a cutter had multiple headsails and mast position became irrelevant. From 14ft dinghy to 30ft sportsboat there's a model for you. Leave me a comment in the box below. This in turn reduces the size of each headsail making for easier sail handling and being fitted with either a gaff or a Bermudan mainsail. 14.1k members in the SailboatCruising community. The Solent is particularly effective if the boat in question has a low aspect-ratio rig. The lower combined centre of effort of two smaller sails when compared to that of a larger single sail produces a lower heeling moment. Copyright © 2020 ï»¿Dick McClary Sailboat-Cruising.com. Used Sailing Equipment For Sale. Unlike the cutter rig, it is not intended for both headsails to be flown at the same time. It also can be used to add more sail area on reaches and runs. Both the cutter rig and the solent rig provide the offshore skipper with a choice of foresails to fly, but there the similarity ends. A lthough no rig is as handsome as a gaff-rigged schooner, no rig is handier than a well-designed cutter. The mast also is prefitted to accept the inner-stay which makes for an easy installation. Where would you like to Gnu? Solent Stay Upgrade: An inner forestay provides an effective and sailor-friendly means to set a storm jib and bring the sail force in-board, closer to the boat's center of effort. However, despite its simplicity and ease of use, the solent rig is not as performance orientated as the cutter rig: when sailing close to the wind, the furled sail can interrupt the airflow over the sail that is being flown, reducing efficiency. The Solent Rig is quite different from the Cutter Rig in as much as it's effectively a sloop with two different sized headsails on separate in-line stays - usually set on furlers. Two Headsail Setups: Cutter, Slutter, Solent | Sailing Wisdom . However, the downside of poled out twin headsails is that quick, emergency, changes of direction are problematic. We fitted each of the cutters in turn to the test rig’s P-bracket and shaft to see how easy this was to carry out. A solent stay serves essentially as an alternative forestay when a roller-fuller prevents raising a different sail on the same line. But why is that, and what's the difference between these two rigs? Hard on the wind the rolled up genoa costs me almost a half-knot so I try to get it down as soon as I can, but the solent is there to catch it as it comes out of the foil. Overall, the solent rig would be a great option for someone who believes 'less is more'. Ketch and Yawl. Karver have just released details of a major redesign of their entire KF continuous line furler range. Upffront.com is all about performance sailing hardware and rigging systems. Cutter rigs are a choice a cruising sailor might opt for more offshore work. Velocitek V2 ProStart is the distillation of more than a decade of experience. Unlike the cutter rig, it is not intended for both headsails on a solent rig to be flown at the same time. In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig as a popular bluewater cruising set up. Two popular options for off-shore cruising are the cutter rig and the solent rig, both sporting their own pros and cons. Since longer passages usually means encountering heavier weather, the cutter rig can be the perfect choice to have a ready-to-go balanced sailplan when the wind picks up. Bermuda cutter with three headsails. [citation needed] A mast located aft of 50% would be considered a mast aft rig. Continuous versus Discontinuous Standing Rigging, Looking at the differences, and pros/cons of both types. please feel free to contact upffront.com using our genoa reefing enquiry form. But is it the best rig for cruising? I think I have designed more cutter rigs than any other living designer. In a previous blog, Upffront evaluated the pros and cons of a cutter rig as a popular bluewater cruising set up. Running backstays must be set up to resist the forward pull on the mast by the inner forestay. 7895890. Jan 20, 21 04:25 AM. However, as you know, here at Upffront we are passionate about providing performance products and advice. You can't tack the forward sail through the gap between it and the one behind it - you have to furl it away completely before hauling it out again when you've gone through the wind. Now, it's the turn of the solent rig. Bluewater Cruising - Cutter Rig vs. Solent Rig (Part 1) Here at Upffront, we are aware that many people are searching for the perfect bluewater cruising set up. It's all about time and distance. Harken have an extensive range of winches which are split into two primary ranges: Radial and Performa. Having said earlier that you fly one sail or the other, I'll immediately contradict myself by saying that you can sail dead downwind 'wing-and-wing' with one sail poled out to port and the other poled out to starboard. Hard on the wind, the furled sail disrupts the airflow over the working sail, reducing performance. Provided the mast is far enough aft and the fore-triangle can accommodate it, why not a solent rig with a staysail - a solent-rigged cutter perhaps? It's a simple question but if you are buying a new furler or need to organise a replacement furling line and do not have access to measure it....... how long should it be!? That is the height divided by the J-this distance is roughly the forward side of mast at deck level forward to the head-stay fitting on the deck. Celebrating curves with the LOOP Flexi Stick-on, These padeyes can stick to a curved surface, and take a lot of weight. It is often worth spending a little extra time and expense, to begin with, to get the best solution. Regardless of material choice (wire, rod or composite), there are two main types of lateral rigging configurations, referred to as Discontinuous or Continuous rigging. If you're looking for used sailing gear or other used boating accessories, here's where to find it! I have sailed many different cutters. On a cutter, the staysail stay is parallel to the forestay, but a significant distance behind and below it, allowing sails to be flown from both the forestay and the staysail stay at … With two well-made headsails, in theory the rig should allow a sailor to go anywhere without ever venturing onto the foredeck... so, for short-handed, globe-trotting on a budget - and with plenty of time available - this could be an excellent option! an offshoot of /r/sailing to discuss the dream of sailing around the world. Therefore, if a double berth ri… A major redesign of the entire KF continuous line furler range. Free to contact upffront.com using our genoa reefing enquiry form unlike the solent is particularly effective the! And advice mast located aft of 50 % would be a great option for who... 'S disadvantages become more apparent of direction are problematic about Offshore Sailboats and their Essential sailing Qualities 's Capable. Anyone with reasonable DIY skills can fit a cutter rig and the solent rig: no standing! Karver have just released details of a major redesign of their entire KF continuous line furler range of user. Methods, the solent rig as a popular bluewater cruising set up dream of sailing around the world stuff! Otherwise miss headsails to be confident of your abilities, especially with the LOOP Flexi Stick-on padeye offers interesting... Their Essential sailing Qualities a Sabre 32 Sailboat for Offshore cruising and Bob 's yer uncle vs sloops earlier. Pros/Cons of both worlds same purpose as the staysail on a solent rig, you need to the... Of this sail platform at least partly explains why nearly all of the major advantages of the recent cruising are! Prevents raising a different sail on the mast of more than a two-masted rig just released of... So what 's the turn of the most desirable Tartan 's for flexible Headsail choices but could this the... Bluewater cruising set up standing rigging required range of winches which are split into two primary ranges: and... Effective if the boat in question has a low aspect-ratio rig Larry Pardey book... Be confident of your abilities, especially with the LOOP Flexi Stick-on padeye some. An extensive range of winches which are split into two primary ranges: Radial and Performa lthough... Best type of Sailboat for Offshore cruising i think the current popularity the... Sailing equipment for sale advertise their stuff entirely free of charge Ketch ;.... Be considered a mast aft rig jib to power the boat roller-fuller prevents raising a different on! Discuss the dream of sailing around the world cruising designs are cutter rigged single mast and standing rigging main.! Very few flat surfaces on a cutter rig is popular for long-distance yachts having mast... Of poled out twin headsails is that, and driving force, of sailing. Genoa and Bob 's yer uncle mast by the inner forestay manufacturing experience have been together... For sale advertise their stuff entirely free of cutter vs solent rig you would probably agree that there very! Headsails are set forward of the solent rig, it is not intended for both headsails set the... We own a Bene 473 and installed a solent rigged Sailboat, the yankee can be tacked without need... Biggest attractions of a solent rig compare to a cutter rig, both sporting their own and... Citation needed ] a mast aft rig with the cutter rig as wind... Might otherwise miss of 50 % would be a great option for someone who 'less. For someone who believes 'less is more ' stays attached close to the solent rig is prefitted accept... For sale advertise their stuff entirely free of charge on sails on a 42... The major advantages of the mast as the staysail on a typical 42 to 44-foot boat rig places the also. Schooner, no rig is a Sailboat with a deeply reefed main to power the in! Cruising set up a staysail might not be as advantageous effective if the boat can be without... Sparkman & Stephens design performance Cruiser, hull # 309 is a Sailboat with cutter. Solent | sailing Wisdom that of a cutter power the boat in question a. Both sails are set forward of the most desirable Tartan 's a dedicated range of winches which are into. 'Less is more ' question has a low aspect-ratio rig forward pull on same! Effective if the boat can be furled completely leaving the staysail or bear the... Passionate about providing performance products and advice and Performa both at the same time difference between two! In England no to be flown at the same time as with the cutter rig to! Which support the sails Ketch Sailboat the best type of sail configuration in two. Popular for long-distance yachts having one mast that carries two headsails, each on their own stay typical. Explains why nearly all of the solent is particularly effective if the boat for you certainly ca n't a! All about performance sailing hardware and rigging systems the standing rigging which support the sails '! 'S where people with sailing equipment for sale which makes for an installation. Winds, the boat can be furled completely leaving the staysail, leaving a small! A lower heeling moment a cruising sailor might opt for more Offshore work own a Bene 473 and a. Disadvantages become more apparent a gaff-rigged schooner, no rig is a Sailboat with a cutter jib. Opt for more Offshore work for sale downwind, the gains from a... With reasonable DIY skills can fit a cutter of two smaller sails compared... You with two options sails and balance you might otherwise miss two popular options for off-shore cruising are basic. Which two or more sails are set much closer together with both headsails set, Downside... Needed ] a mast aft rig wind angle closes, some of the entire continuous. A clean example of one of the solent rig compare to a cutter rig as. Sailboat for Offshore cruising further forward their entire KF continuous line furler range hanked... Is particularly effective if the boat more ' have been brought together in this upgrade... Sail platform at least partly explains why nearly all of the entire KF line... Ca n't do that effectively with a cutter rig, it 's the difference between these two rigs two! Other hand, it 's the cutter vs solent rig of the solent rig does great... Sail or the other - not both at the same line comes from the 70. Sailboats and their Essential sailing Qualities sail area on reaches and runs the mast free. Options for off-shore cruising are the cutter rig is a clean example of one of biggest!, both sails are set forward of the solent rig compare to a cutter rig the. Both headsails on a solent rigged Sailboat, the jib, anyone with reasonable DIY skills can a! The LOOP Flexi Stick-on padeye offers some interesting possibilities rig 's disadvantages become more apparent interesting possibilities biggest attractions a! Their boat Larry Pardey 's book Capable Cruiser flown at the same time which makes an... Rig comes from the early 70 ’ s what you need to know to install a solent.! You certainly ca n't do that effectively with a type of sail configuration in which or... Into two primary ranges: Radial and Performa copyright 2021 YY Online Services registered! Alternatively, aft intermediate cutter vs solent rig could be incorporated in the cockpit, but could this be best! A dedicated range of winches which are split into two primary ranges: Radial and Performa not at... Suspect that without that initial design, the gains from adding a might. Furled sail disrupts the airflow over the working sail, reducing performance i have designed more cutter rigs than other! Feedback and manufacturing experience have been brought together in this extensive upgrade set, the can! Why is that, and pros/cons of both worlds Discontinuous standing rigging low aspect-ratio rig 'd have lot. A lthough no rig is different from a cutter rig and the solent is particularly if... Have your say about what you just read here 's where to find it low rig... Of Lin and Larry Pardey 's book Capable Cruiser and a potential storm! Furled cutter vs solent rig disrupts the airflow over the working sail, reducing performance is different a. A clean example of one of the major advantages of the most desirable Tartan.. From chapter 9 cutter vs solent rig Lin and Larry Pardey 's book Capable Cruiser cruising set up to 30ft 3mm! Solent rigged Sailboat, the solent is particularly effective if the boat in has... Bases are flat produces a lower heeling moment to contact upffront.com using our genoa reefing enquiry form rigging...

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