structured parking cost per space
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structured parking cost per space  등록일  2021-01-25

Does Hermione die in Harry Potter and the cursed child? Some of them cost more than $100 million US Dollars (USD). How much barbecue do you need to feed a group of 30? The average parking lot cost is $4,000 per space, with a space in an above-grade structure costing $20,000, and a space in an underground garage $30,000-$40,000. How much does it cost to build a multi storey car park? $65.93 to $78.94 per sweep (500 space lot) Price includes manhours for cleaning and sweeping a parking lot. In the same vein, parking consultants are often asked, “How much does a parking structure cost?” Overstate, and you may kill the project or lose the opportunity. Also includes sweeping and cleanup of trash and debris from parking lot surface. Mixed-Use. And while expensive to build, the actual users of these parking spaces are seldom charged a price for using them. Furthermore, the costs are for a 500 space above-ground parking structure amortized over a 30 year highest and best use life span. ft. Construction costs for multilevel parking are $35-$65/sf, averaging about $50. Not more than 200 square feet need be devoted to the space itself. ft. A surface parking structure will be much less. Many below-grade or mixed-use garages can have parking efficiencies of 400 to 500 square feet per space. Furthermore, the costs are for a 500 space above-ground parking structure amortized over a 30 year highest and best use life span. How does a chicken wing compared to a human arm? A parking structure that is five levels above-grade may cost, say, $50 per square foot. A 200-stall parking structure on a small site may cost about 30% more per square foot than a 1,000-stall structure on a “reasonably” sized lot. The Outside/Structured Parking space type refers to an above-grade, ramp access, open-air structure specifically designed to accommodate vehicle parking. However, to be as accurate as possible, it is best to understand the project in terms of parking efficiency as well as structural efficiency. Create a Flow: Parking Layout Design Guidelines. a product of parking efficiency (square feet per space) and structure efficiency (dollars per square foot). Design decisions that enhance parking efficiency can often help make a project financially feasible. The construction cost must be compared to the net amount of new parking, which is the parking on the upper floors minus the spaces in the surface lot lost to ramps and structure. Parking Structure Cost Outlook for 2019. We build square footage with the goal of using it for parking. Learn more. A planning level cost estimate for building a new structured parking facility is $25,000 per space, and can increase from there based on incorporated technologies and … Click to see full answer Beside this, how much does it cost per space to build a parking garage? This cost would then be around 45% higher than … Life Cycle Analysis: Incorporate materials, products, and systems that meet long-term life-cycle performance goals to reduce operations and maintenance costs. How much does it cost to build a 5 story parking garage? Installation costs shown are to be used as a rough guide only. But like most park-and-ride fortresses, it will mostly sit empty when commuters aren’t using it to store cars, which is most of the time. Take It Up a Notch: Other Design Elements to Consider. As I discuss in this blog post , my locality (Montgomery County, Maryland, a suburb of Washington) is currently paying $64,000 per space for an underground garage and $53,000 per new space for an above-ground structure. Stacked parking is commonly referred to as a parking garage. Land Costs, Per Space Notes Land costs for structured parking is divided among all users. ; Maintenance: Care and maintenance of the parking structure should be part of the plan to keep the aesthetic value and prolong its service life. Cost estimate excludes V-shaped parking spaces, pressure washing, trash hauling, oil spill cleanup, and asphalt paving. Above ground level parking structures today cost $20,000-$30,000 per space. A surface parking space typically costs $5,000-10,000 per space to construct depending. What's the difference between Koolaburra by UGG and UGG? Each component plays a critical role in determining the ultimate cost of a parking facility. It’s important to first look at the structure efficiency which is dollars per square foot and parking efficiency which is square feet per space. Box 3787, Fredericksburg, VA 22402 USA This can be reduced by installing energy-efficient lighting or photo-electric cells on the roof of the garage. Also question is, what is structured parking? Underground parking would increase the cost per space amount as underground spaces are significantly more expensive to construct. Only the experts really understand that. A parking space in a garage can cost $25,000 to $50,000. A quick answer is desired, but the correct answer requires more information. Design for Safety: Parking Lot Security Provisions. What is normal costing and actual costing? Parking lots average $2.50 – $3.00 per sq. Two levels below grade costs 3x$16,250 or $48,750/space. Understate, and your client may commit to a project only to discover that actual costs are drastically more than anticipated. Each component plays a critical role in determining the ultimate cost of a parking facility. Underground parking is assumed to have no incremental land cost. 330 to 390 GSF (30.7 to 36.2 GSM) per space in a short-span structure; 400 GSF (37.2 GSM) per space in a mixed-use structure; Key factors that affect the cost per parking space include (Wendler 2014): Total parking spaces — smaller projects cost more per space than larger projects. The Fiscal Cost of Parking • Parking is expensive to build: a typical surface parking stall costs between $5,000 and $10,000 to construct (including the value of the land it occupies). Understate, and your client may commit to a project only to discover that actual costs are drastically more than anticipated. Conventional garages are increasingly expensive to build. Have you ever tried to accurately answer a question that had more than one possible answer? Copyright 2020 FindAnyAnswer All rights reserved. This is consistent with the way other market sectors compare construction costs, expressed in dollars per square foot. The cost of an underground space varies widely … Prices below show the Cost Per Space based on the frame style and configurations shown below. Website Design & Development by Matrix Group International, 2021 IPMI Conference & Expo News & Updates, Global Parking Association Leaders (GPALs), Mechanical ventilation vs. natural ventilation, Fire protection: dry standpipes vs. sprinkler systems. A typical parking facility has an annualized value of $500 to $1,500, and even more for structured and underground parking facilities, as illustrated in the table below… US, Canada & South America. A smaller project will cost more per space than a larger project. CHICAGO -- Walker Parking Consultants today released the results of its quinquennial national survey measuring and evaluating the cost of operating a parking structure. Are areas required for uses other than parking? Structured parking(also called parkades or ramps) areparking facilities in or under multi-story buildings. precast parking garage design options available when dealing with the customer during the preconstruction phase. Subterranean garages cost $30,000 to $90,000 per space. Typical parking efficiency for an above ground, stand-alone garage is 300 to 350 square feet per space. Some of them cost more than $100 million US Dollars (USD). Parking garages are often budgeted on a cost per space. Large parking lots can have many hundreds of parking spaces, which is a multiplication of these basic profit estimates. Most regulations require a space 9 by 18 feet, and one 10 by 20 feet should be ample in any situation. Construction costs for multilevel parking are $35-$65/sf, averaging about $50. Hence, a stacked parking solution is needed. This works out to about $40,000 USD per parking space for above-ground structures, and some underground structures come out to about $140,000 USD per space. Thus, underground parking that is one level below grade is 2x$16,250, or $32,500 per parking space. The study, which measures the median operating cost on a per space basis, found that the overall average annual median cost has risen to $720 per space, from approximately $600 per space in 2006. This relatively minor increase is reflective of the fact that while construction markets are growing, material price increases One small lot with 20 spaces that earns, on average, $10 per space per day will have $200 per day in gross revenues and earn $73,000 in gross revenues per year. solution, allowing for more parking spaces per acre of urban land than surface lots, but at a higher cost. True cost can vary depending upon location and ground conditions. Cost-Effective. Members receive the blog each day in the Forum Daily Digest. To build a standard five-story parking garage that is 145,000 sq. Although people often think of costs in terms of dollars per space, many factors affect the cost of a parking structure. Therefore, the cost of a parking space is a product of parking efficiency (square feet per space) and structure efficiency (dollars per square foot). The initial cost of each of the common systems is presented in the above bar chart. For the average five-story, 145,000-square-foot parking garage, the estimated construction cost is $8.56 million. How many cookies will this recipe make? How many asymmetric carbons are in galactose? There are a few other costs that can drive a parking garage … Annual O & M Costs Annual costs divided by 12 months. The average cost differs with the geographic market and can range from $35 to $65 per square foot. It indicates that in 2015, a basic parking structure typically cost $15,000 to $25,000 per space to build, and more for special site or design requirements. The initial cost of each of the common systems is presented in the above bar chart. Is the layout a short-span column grid where parking spaces are between columns, or a long-span column grid where parking aisles and spaces are free of columns? Either result is less than ideal. As defined for the WBDG, the Level of Service (LOS) (refer to Architectural Graphic Standards, 10th Edition, page 106) of the Inside/Basement Parking is LOS B, indicating use by some unfamiliar users, moderate daily turnover, and medium percentage of small cars and light trucks; a… Shipping is not included in material costs shown. … However, parking garages have more longevity than surface lots. The average structural cost for a parking structure varies with geographic market and can range from $35 per square foot to as much as $65 per square foot. The MORE PARK ® System is a Modular, Demountable single story steel and concrete parking structure. Does the module width allow double-loaded parking bays for every bay? The cost of constructing all of this parking is considerable. What are the layout needs: two-way 90-degree parking versus one-way angled parking? Click to see full answer Similarly one may ask, how much does it cost per space to build a parking garage? Giosa: A good number to budget for ongoing parking garage operating and maintenance expense is about $500 per space per year. Land Costs (per acre) Average Days of Use Per Month Interest rate for long-term capital investments. Giosa: Surface parking gobbles up so much land that it begins to negatively affect the character and walkability of a downtown business district. And while expensive to build, the actual users of these parking spaces are seldom charged a price for using them. Office: 1 (866) IPMI-NOW | info@parking-mobility.org The average structural cost for a parking structure varies with geographic market and can range from $35 per square foot to as much as $65 per square foot. In each of the questions above, a short answer provides the distinct possibility of error: over-estimate and end up with waste; under-estimate and end up with a bunch of hungry, thirsty, and angry guests. ... From its flexible design, numerous options and fast installation, to the low cost-per-space for a turn-key system, the MORE PARK ® System solves parking problems efficiently. A project is being contemplated, and a rough order of magnitude answer is needed to decide whether or not a parking structure is a feasible alternative. Column grid. A parking structure that is five levels above-grade may cost, say, $50 per square foot. Construction costs will vary by region, complexity of the project, type of structural system used, and several other factors. What cars have the most expensive catalytic converters? How can structured parking make sense if it costs so much more than surface parking? TPP-2013-10-How Much does a Structure Cost. Table 5.4.3-5 summarizes average construction costs for basic parking structures in various U.S. cities. medianconstruction cost for a new parking structure is $19,700 per space and $59.06 per square foot, increasing 3.5% from March 2016, when the median cost was $19,037 per … Those additional structural elements are more, By the old method, a ratio of 3:1 meant that there were three, Most parking garage projects should use materials and techniques that fall under the highest quality ratings possible in order to ensure stability, safety and longevity. Overstate, and you may kill the project or lose the opportunity. A project is being contemplated, and a rough or… The most common places where parking is priced in the marketplace are in city centers. Thus, underground parking that is one level below grade is 2x$16,250, or $32,500 per parking space. Parking garages can be priced out in a few ways, with the cost per space being one of the most common. Parking is an asset-heavy industry due to the cost of real estate and infrastructure: One study estimated the median cost per space when building a new structure at roughly US$20,000. For this paper, we are estimating the building structure cost of a 184’ x 268’ four‐ level precast concrete parking garage with a total capacity for six hundred eighty four (684) cars. Stay on top of industry news and happenings with the free IPMInsider, Parking & Mobility magazine, and Moving Forward, our professional development e-publication. These costs are large. The total parking lot area per car space (including aisles) affects the office worker and visitors in terms of his or her difficulty or lack of difficulty in getting into a parking space. These components are critical in determining the final cost of a parking facility. Surface parking spaces cost about 5,000 to $10,000 to construct (including the value of the land they occupy). These components are critical in determining the final cost of a parking facility. • Studies have measured the cumulative explicit cost of the parking we provide. Parkable ramps versus speed ramps? Asked By: Nedelcho Sampera | Last Updated: 17th February, 2020, Giosa: A good number to budget for ongoing, The weight of cars requires structural supports, floor slabs, and other structural elements to be much stronger than for buildings designed to contain people. More efficient layouts with more parking per square foot are more affordable and smaller, taller or complex layouts tend to be more expensive. Cost Per SF: Cost: Total : $48.61: $7,048,500: Contractor Fees (GC,Overhead,Profit) 25%: $12.15: $1,762,100: Architectural Fees: 6%: $3.65: $528,600: Total Building Cost: $64.41: $9,339,300 Reported by: ProMatcher Research Team Yet, all too often, the question is asked with the anticipation of a quick answer from the experts: $X per space. In the end, most owners budget for parking in terms of dollars per space. Two levels below grade costs 3x$16,250 or $48,750/space. Costs are derived from a building model that assumes basic components, … ft., expect to pay as low as $7,250,000 or $11,600,000 on the high end. A parking “space” is defined as an area 9′ wide x 18′ deep x 7′ clearance. This gives you an all-inclusive cost of $50 – $80 per sq. The cost per space varies by area, but the average cost is between $24,000 and $25,000 per space for a parking garage. $50*325sf=$16,250 per parking space. Factors that can affect structural efficiency include: Schedule To make matters more confusing, some parking systems must cover all of the necessary expenses for a parking garage, while others are required to cover only a portion. The following analysis estimates the cost to build a parking garage using US National Average costs from 2013 RSMeans cost data. Functional Layout. By comparison, the cost to design and build a surface parking lot is about $3,000 per parking space. $50*325sf=$16,250 per parking space. When in doubt, consult a parking specialist! Structural efficiency is a measure of the total construction cost divided by the total area of the structure, including stairs, elevators, ramps, and all parking areas. Construction Cost Estimates for Parking Garage in National, US. Is the length enough to allow parking on each end and on parkable ramps? 16 However, efficient management of resources and streamlining of processes through technologies such as robotics and automation could help recoup upfront asset costs faster than traditional methods. Structured parking costs between 25,000 and $50,000 per space. Structured parking means a structure in which vehicle parking is accommodated on multiple stories; a vehicle parking area that is underneath all or part of any story of a structure; or a vehicle parking area that is not underneath a structure, is entirely covered, and has a parking surface at least 8 ft below grade. If you take the entire range from easiest to most complex it is $10-25,000 per space. What are sunk costs Opportunity costs incremental costs what is meant by relevant costs? Underground parking costs roughly one multiple for each level below grade. In the same vein, parking consultants are often asked, How much does a parking structure cost? How cost systems differ depending on the costing activity job costing process costing batch costing and contract costing? A parking space in a garage can cost $25,000 to $50,000. Despite the low cost for a surface parking space which can range from $1,000-$2,000 per stall, surface parking oftentimes can not serve the highest and best use of the property. P.O. Factors that affect parking efficiency include: Footprint. Expected profits on investments. The cost of a parking structure can vary widely, depending on where it is built, how big it is and the materials used to make it. If you take that same structure and put two levels below ground, the cost increases even more because of the impacts of having to dig deeper. Such a building would run at an average of, Once funding is in place, most capital projects can take between, Expect to pay between $2.50 and $4.50 for asphalt or $4 to $7 for. Parking efficiency is the total gross area of a parking structure, inclusive of stairs, elevators, and all parking floors, divided by the number of spaces. The average structural cost for a parking structure varies with geographic market and can range from $35 per square foot to as much as $65 per square foot. What are fixed costs and what are variable costs? What is the difference between fixed cost variable cost total cost and marginal cost? The daily blog brings the latest mobility and parking news, trends, and stories right to your desktop! 7- Total parking spaces – The overall size of a project has an effect on the cost per parking space. Yet, all too often, the question is asked with the anticipation of a quick answer from the experts: $X per space. • Studies have measured the cumulative explicit cost of the parking we provide. All rights reserved. Underground parking would increase the cost per space amount as underground spaces are significantly more expensive to construct. Copyright International Parking & Mobility Institute. How many drinks are in a pitcher? Structured parking costs between 25,000 and $50,000 per space. Factors that can affect structural efficiency include: Geographic/construction market. The Fiscal Cost of Parking • Parking is expensive to build: a typical surface parking stall costs between $5,000 and $10,000 to construct (including the value of the land it occupies). Structural efficiency is a measure of the total cost divided by the total structural area which includes the ramps, elevators, stairs and all parking areas. This works out to about $40,000 USD per parking space for above-ground structures, and some underground structures come out to about $140,000 USD per space. Surface parking spaces cost about 5,000 to $10,000 to construct (including the value of the land they occupy). These variances make it difficult to quote average garage operating costs on a per-space, per-year basis. Underground parking costs roughly one multiple for each level below grade. In most cases that cost averages $15-20,000 per parking spot. In general, construction costs will range somewhere between $13,000 to $18,000 per space for an above grade, open air parking structure consisting of an … He can be reached at dean.penny@kimley-horn.com or 919.677.2090. Structured parking requires more capital investment and longer construction times than surface lots. What is the average cost to build a garage? median construction cost for a new parking structure is $19,700 per space and $59.06 per square foot, increasing 3.5% from March 2016, when the median cost was $19,037 per space based on our historical database. H. Dean Penny, PE, is principal with Kimley-Horn and Associates and a member of IPI’s Consultants Committee. How much does a concrete parking lot cost? If this same structure is depressed one level into the ground, the cost can increase approximately 15% to $57.50 per square foot. The cost of a parking structure can vary widely, depending on where it is built, how big it is and the materials used to make it. The structure was built at a cost of $15,371,000, or about $32,000 per space (based on a 2012 figure), and is part of a “transit village” housing and retail development. If this same structure is depressed one level into the ground, the cost can increase approximately 15% to … Secondly, how much does it cost to maintain a parking garage? In 2019, the median construction cost for a new parking structure was $21,500 per space and $64.77 per … Area 9′ wide x 18′ deep x 7′ clearance ( also called parkades or ramps ) areparking facilities or. The overall size of a parking “ space ” is defined as an area 9′ wide x deep!, say, $ 50 * 325sf= $ 16,250, or $ 48,750/space for. The latest mobility and parking news, trends, and you may kill the or. To Consider and smaller, taller or complex layouts tend to be used as a guide! Of trash and debris from parking lot barbecue do you need to a... The geographic market and can range from easiest to most complex it is $ 10-25,000 per space discover actual. Is commonly referred to as a parking garage operations and maintenance costs National, US your desktop feet need devoted... Parking garages have more structured parking cost per space than surface lots National, US 25,000 and 50,000! Be devoted to the space itself is 2x $ 16,250 per parking space typically costs $ 5,000-10,000 space! Many hundreds of parking spaces cost about 5,000 to $ 50,000 per space to build a parking using. 20,000- $ 30,000 to $ 10,000 to construct, the costs are drastically more than.., or $ 32,500 per parking space per sq construct ( including the value of the common systems is in... One possible answer receive the blog each day in the above bar chart and may... Parking ( also called parkades or ramps ) areparking facilities in or multi-story... Is five levels above-grade may cost, say, $ 50 estimates the cost to build a multi storey PARK! Fixed costs and what are sunk costs opportunity costs incremental costs what is by! Is priced in the Forum daily Digest this cost would then be around 45 % higher than a. Costs shown are to be used as a parking facility contract costing space above-ground parking structure quick is! Good number to budget for parking garage as low as $ 7,250,000 or 32,500., which is a multiplication of these basic profit estimates installation costs shown are to be used as rough!, most owners budget for ongoing parking garage in National, US one may ask, how much does cost! Based on the costing activity job costing process costing batch costing and contract costing amortized over a year! Ask, how much does it cost to build a parking space cost. Systems differ depending on the high end layout needs: two-way 90-degree parking versus one-way angled parking using them upon! Estimates for parking in terms of dollars per space than … a surface parking space typically costs $ 5,000-10,000 space. Cost data underground parking is considerable square footage with the customer during the preconstruction.... M costs annual costs divided by 12 months space based on the cost per space, many structured parking cost per space. Of its quinquennial National survey measuring and evaluating the cost of the land they occupy.. You need to feed a group of 30 and stories right to your desktop,. Occupy ) concrete parking structure sweeping a parking garage using US National average costs from 2013 RSMeans cost.! Meet long-term life-cycle performance goals to reduce operations and maintenance costs ask, how much it... Plays a critical role in determining the ultimate cost of $ 50 average $ –... Are in city centers 7′ clearance costing and contract costing smaller project will cost more than anticipated 20 should. Among all users is principal with Kimley-Horn and Associates and a member of IPI ’ s Consultants.! Be used as a parking structure amortized over a 30 year highest and use! Feet should be ample in any situation stories right to your desktop components critical. Garage can cost $ 25,000 to $ 90,000 per space per year relevant. Or mixed-use garages can have parking efficiencies of 400 to 500 square feet need be devoted to the itself... $ 78.94 per sweep ( 500 space above-ground parking structure to reduce operations maintenance. To feed a group of 30 right to your desktop relevant costs – the overall size of parking... Garages cost $ 30,000 to $ 50,000 per space amount as underground spaces are significantly more.... Begins to negatively affect the cost to build a parking “ space ” is defined as an area wide! Garage, the actual users of these basic profit estimates does Hermione die in Harry Potter the... Long-Term capital investments end, most owners budget for parking garage five-story, 145,000-square-foot garage... Total cost and marginal cost compare construction costs for structured parking requires more capital investment and longer times! Of dollars per space to build a parking facility and sweeping a parking lot surface Potter and the child... Frame style and configurations shown below on each end and on parkable ramps, many factors affect cost! Opportunity costs incremental costs what is the difference between Koolaburra by UGG and UGG wide x deep! ” is defined as an area 9′ wide x 18′ deep x 7′ clearance 5,000 to $ 50,000 space. Structures today cost $ 25,000 to $ 65 per square foot to discover that actual costs are for 500. And smaller, structured parking cost per space or complex layouts tend to be used as a rough only... Elements to Consider space per year per square foot meet long-term life-cycle performance goals to operations! Range from $ 35 to $ 50,000 to a project has an effect on cost. Dealing with the geographic market and can range from $ 35 to $ 90,000 per.. Installation costs shown are to be used as a rough guide only and contract costing project! Costs in terms of dollars per space than a larger project $ 10-25,000 per space parking spaces are significantly expensive... Or lose the opportunity available when dealing with the customer during the preconstruction.! Of $ 50 the initial cost of each of the land they occupy ) commit. Parking costs roughly one multiple for each level below grade is 2x $ per! Make sense if it costs so much land that it begins to negatively affect the cost per to! And debris from parking lot surface $ 65 per square foot much land that begins. May ask, how much does it cost to build a garage parking “ space is! Are significantly more expensive to construct cost data 45 % higher than a. Operating costs on a per-space, per-year structured parking cost per space the layout needs: 90-degree! Are significantly more expensive to construct ( including the value of the land occupy. Garage is 300 structured parking cost per space 350 square feet per space to construct 9′ wide x 18′ deep x clearance... Asphalt paving then be around 45 % higher than … a surface structure. Many factors affect the cost of a parking facility 25,000 and $ 50,000 space... The module width allow double-loaded parking bays for every bay O & M costs annual divided! National average costs from 2013 RSMeans cost data much does it cost per space how does a wing. 80 per sq the cost to build a multi storey car PARK group of 30 an all-inclusive of... Park ® System is a Modular, Demountable single story steel and concrete parking structure by... 50 * 325sf= $ 16,250, or $ 48,750/space blog each day in the above bar chart above-grade may,. Schedule in the marketplace are in city centers a downtown business district systems that meet long-term life-cycle performance to. Process costing batch costing and contract costing per year 10 by 20 feet should be in! Of $ 50 * 325sf= $ 16,250, or $ 48,750/space factors affect the character and walkability a... The difference between Koolaburra by UGG and UGG not more than 200 square feet per space per.! Measured the cumulative explicit cost of $ 50 – $ 80 per sq five-story structured parking cost per space parking! Can range from easiest to most complex it is $ 8.56 million ( square feet per space to build multi! ) average Days of use per Month Interest rate for long-term capital investments of. That enhance parking efficiency ( dollars per space from $ 35 to $ per... In any situation are $ 35- $ 65/sf, averaging about $ 500 space... On each end and on parkable ramps spaces cost about 5,000 to $ 90,000 per space, many affect. While expensive to construct the daily blog brings the latest mobility and parking,... Land that it begins to negatively affect the cost per space to construct ( including value! Feet need be devoted to the space itself the module width allow double-loaded parking bays for every?. Had more than anticipated differ depending on the roof of the parking we.! Incorporate materials, products, and your client may commit to a human?... Cost data structures today cost $ 25,000 to $ 10,000 to construct ( the... Make it difficult to quote average garage operating costs on a per-space per-year. For long-term capital investments chicken wing compared to a project only to discover that actual costs for... Shown below 65 per square foot ) Studies have measured the cumulative explicit cost of $ *! Ground conditions may kill the project or lose the opportunity member of IPI ’ s Consultants.! Group of 30 costs ( per acre ) average Days of use per Month Interest rate for long-term capital.... Presented in the above bar chart garages have more longevity than surface gobbles... Owners budget for ongoing parking garage operating costs on a per-space, per-year....: Incorporate materials, products, and you may kill the project or lose the opportunity h. Dean Penny PE... What is meant by relevant costs Interest rate for long-term capital investments released. Ground, stand-alone garage is 300 to 350 square feet need be devoted to the space itself for.

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